New research from WRAP estimates that in total 331,580,000 home textiles items were not used once in the last year in UK homes.
The first consumer research on the subject from WRAP, the Citizen Insights: Estimating the Longevity of Home Textiles in the UK report focuses on 10 common home textiles items to understand how many of these we own, their estimated longevity, washing and usage frequency, the reasons people stop using them and their most common disposal route.
The items include bed sheets, duvet covers, bathroom towels, fabric tablecloths, fabric curtains/blinds, cushion covers, bedspread throws, rugs, duvets and pillows.
The report reveals that, in comparison to clothing, a larger percentage of home textiles are put in the household waste, though this does vary depending on product type.
While products such as sheets and towels might not have resale potential, they are valuable for recyclers, through existing open loop recycling routes such as industrial rags and insulation, as well as emerging fibre-to-fibre closed loop recycling.
Home furnishings reflect our personality and lifestyle, yet most of us don’t think about how what we buy, and how we use it, impacts on the environment.
The report’s insights will be used to help businesses understand the active life of home textiles as well as their customer’s in-use behaviours and will inform circular business guidelines.
Harriet Lamb, CEO at WRAP: “Home furnishings reflect our personality and lifestyle, yet most of us don’t think about how what we buy, and how we use it, impacts on the environment.
“The home furnishings market is worth £13.6bn a year but sadly too much of it ends up going in the bin – close to half all textiles waste is not from clothing but such furnishings.
“As we all understand more about the impact of our clothes on the planet, people are increasingly browsing through charity shops or other places for pre-loved outfits.
“Now is the chance to think in much the same way about home furnishings. Personally, I love the perfectly good curtains I bought second hand, for example.”
- Why items aren’t used in the past year: those surveyed like to have ‘back up items.’ There is also a perception that the older the item gets, the less we like it because it ‘doesn’t feel as nice/feels older’. A specific problem with an item, such as damage, stains, or fading is cited less frequently, indicating that lack of use is driven more by consumer perception than product failure.
- Purchase routes: just 4% of people surveyed buy home textiles items second hand. Most people buy these items brand new.
- Purchase influences: the top five influences for buying our home textiles are price, quality of fabric, type of fabric/material, ease of cleaning and design/style. Sustainability ranked very low.
- Why items are kept: the average time people keep home textiles is 6.9 years (depending on item) – two years longer than we keep our clothing on average, (4.3 years).
- Disposal routes: while we have a lot of unused textiles in reserves, 22% of people say they regularly throw these items in the general rubbish. This is closely followed by taking them to charity shops (21%), a dedicated recycling area at the Household Waste Recycling Centre (20%) and repurposing the item for another use in the home, e.g., cleaning rags, pet bedding (18%). By contrast, fewer report regularly using retailer take back schemes (5%), selling home textiles in person e.g. car boot sale (6%) or selling them online e.g. eBay, online platforms and marketplaces (7%).
- Wash method/frequency: this varies considerably across different home textiles items. Fabric curtains/blinds had the lowest average wash frequency (but still as much as 0.8 washes per month) followed by rugs (1.2) and pillows (1.3). Average wash frequency is highest for bathroom towels at six times a month, followed by bedsheets at 4.2 times a month. With wash frequency much higher among 18 – 34 year olds, higher income households and households with children living at home.
- Level of repair: only 7% of people have repaired one of the home textiles items they were asked about.
Alan Wheeler, CEO, Textile Recycling Association: “Like clothing, there is often a value to good quality re-useable household textiles, so we would encourage householders to use the available collection routes like charities and textile banks.
“If the items can be used for their original intended purpose and there is a demand for the product then the members of Textile Recycling Association will look to find those markets. If the products cannot be re-used then it may be possible to mechanically recycle the textiles into products such as industrial wiping cloths or insulation.
“However, for these products to become more sustainable and circular we require further research and market development into new textile recycling markets which could be supported and delivered by policy interventions such as Extended Producer Responsibility, product design standards and minimum recycled content in new textile products.”